100 Years And Counting — PLEASE SHARE

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100 years ago, women marched for the right to vote. It was called “Suffrage.”  An iconic image of that march was a 27 year-old woman by the name of Inez Milholland astride a white horse.  It is interesting that the Supreme Court of the United States is currently reviewing a key element in the providing of Universal Suffrage for everyone, The Voting Rights Act.  Universal Suffrage is not an “entitlement” as Neo-Conservative justices would have you believe, it is an universal right.

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There Is No Rambo Clause In The Constitution

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The Constitution of the United States of America does not give you the right to grab an automatic or semi-automatic assault weapon and wreak havoc on your fellow citizens.

In fact, until the Supreme Court of the United States was packed with conservative justices by George H.W. Bush and his son, the Court had long held that an individual citizen’s right to possess firearms was not a Constitutional right, unless that individual was part of a state militia.

The Second Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America clearly states:

A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

If you take out both modifying clauses and reduce the Second Amendment to its essence, it reads: “A well regulated Militia, …, shall not be infringed.

Both phrases: “being necessary to the security of a free State” and “the right of the people to keep and bear Arms“, are modifiers of the term Militia and are not the primary intent of the Second Amendment.  Any grammarian can see that, you don’t have to be a Constitutional Scholar.

If one reads the legislative history of the Second Amendment (to non-lawyers, “legislative history” is the collection of all drafts, written statements, debates, etc., of a piece of legislation taken as a whole) it becomes abundantly clear that the intent of the framers of our Constitution was that the Second Amendment was meant to facilitate the maintenance of “a well regulated Militia.”

If I may paraphrase the Second Amendment, it says that your right to bear arms is sacrosanct as long as you are part of a “well regulated Militia.” So if you want to bear arms freely, I believe (with some knowledge of Constitutional law) that you should join a well “regulated” Militia or the National Guard.

While I agree that there are many who would disagree with my view, I firmly believe that just as many if not more of my fellow attorneys would agree with this reading of the Constitution’s Second Amendment.

Why did I mention the last two Republican presidents?

You see, it was not until 2008 after the last conservative justices joined the Supreme Court thus giving conservative justices a five to four majority on the bench that the view discussed above changed – A mere four years ago.

When the first opportunity arrived, the newly conservative court held in a narrow 5-4 decision that the District of Columbia’s gun control law was unconstitutional.  Four justices dissented (District of Columbia v. Heller, 554 U.S. 570 (2008)) and agreed with Justice John Paul Breyer’s dissent which reiterated what had been the law of the land for years relating to the fact that the right to bear arms was pursuant to the maintaining of a well-regulated militia. A good article on the history of this topic can be found in http://www.loc.gov/law/help/second-amendment.php

On an ancillary, but connected point, conservative justices brought forward the concept of “Originalism.”  Simply put, Originalism is the opinion that all Supreme Court cases must be decided in accordance with what the framers of the Constitution wanted as evidenced by their own thoughts and writings – even though the matter might not have existed or was even conceived in all of humanity during the framers’ lifetimes.  But even with this specious “theory,” one would have to read legislative history to glean what you can from the Framers’ writings on their intent for the Second Amendment.  As I stated above, the Second Amendment is clear.  You need to be part of a State Militia to possess weapons.

I fail to understand why noted legal scholars of Originalism, such as Antonin Scalia, cannot see this.

It is time to correct this anomaly and put clear thinking justices on to the Supreme Court.

Note: This article was previously published on this site.  This is an updated version.  The writer is an attorney who did pretty well in his Constitutional Law class.

Do You Want A Supreme Court Filled With More Of These

Then vote for Romney.  You will get a Supreme Court that will be immutably beholding to corporate conservative views,  misogynistic views on women’s rights, and rigid on their desire to move the United States towards a theocratic society.

This may be the most important issue in this election.  Do we really want a Supreme Court that is dominated by a corporate/conservative agenda, never mind what the Constitution may or may not say?

How can this happen?  It is very likely that in the next term, the president will be able to elevate one, if not two, justices to the Supreme Court.

If Mitt Romney is elected, you can bet your britches that we will see at least Justice Ruth Bader Ginsberg replaced by another Antonin Scalia or Clarence Thomas. That move alone will give the conservatives a 6-3 majority for the foreseeable future.  If you haven’t been living under a rock and didn’t get the memo, Supreme Court Justices are appointed for life and set their own ethics rules, or lack thereof.

Jeffrey Toobin just wrote a book, The Oath, about the contrasts between President Obama and Chief Justice John Roberts.  In his review of this book, Jeffrey Rosen concludes that the most compelling issue is what would happen if another conservative is elevated to this court.  It is chilling.

 

You Do Not Have A Right To Own Firearms, Unless

The Second Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America clearly states:

“A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”

If you take out both modifying clauses and reduce the Second Amendment to its essence, It reads: “A well regulated Militia, …, shall not be infringed.”

Both phrases: “being necessary to the security of a free State” and “the right of the people to keep and bear Arms”, are modifiers of the term Militia and are not the primary intent of the Second Amendment. Any grammarian can see that, you don’t have to be a Constitutional Scholar.

If one reads the legislative history of the Second Amendment (to non lawyers, legislative history is the collection of all drafts, written statements, debates, etc.,, taken as a whole) it becomes abundantly clear that the intent of the framers of our Constitution was that the Second Amendment was meant to facilitate the maintenance of “a well regulated Militia.”

If I may paraphrase the Second Amendment, it says that your right to bear arms is sacrosanct as long as you are part of a “well regulated Militia.” So if you want to bear arms freely, I believe (with some knowledge of Constitutional law) that you should join a well “regulated” Militia or the National Guard.

I fail to understand why noted legal scholars of Originalism, such as Antonin Scalia, cannot see this.

Phil